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Centre de recherches inter-langues sur la signification en contexte · CRISCO · EA4255

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New ideas in the study of discourse markers

le 1 dcembre 2016
par Karin AIJMER (University of Gothenburg)

Résumé :

New ideas in the study of discourse markers Discourse markers such as you know, I mean, well are words with little propositional meaning.They have in common that they are extremely context-bound and essentially indexical. Using a term suggested by Silverstein (1976) they can be described as non-referential indexes.They are distinguished from elements which have both referential meaning and indexical meaning such as personal pronouns (I, you) or deictic adverbs (now, then). An important notion is stance (the speaker’s subjective assumptions or feelings). Speakers use discourse markers to take up a stance and indirectly to construct a particular identity (second-order indexicality). Conversation analysis and interactional sociolinguistics provide a framework for analysing the functions of discourse markers in a dynamic and emergent perspective in the on-going interaction. On the theoretical side the study of discourse markers can be described in construction grammar as combinations of form and function (Fried and Östman 2005). In my lecture I will discuss new developments in the area of discourse markers. A case study will be provided of the English question marker then (French alors, German denn).
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Dernière modification : 25 mars 2019



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